Saudi Arabia authoritatively known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. With an area range of roughly 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geologically the fifth-biggest state in Asia and second-biggest state in the Arab world (after Algeria). Saudi Arabia is flanked by Jordan and Iraq toward the north, Kuwait toward the upper east, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates toward the east, Oman toward the southeast, and Yemen toward the south. It is the main country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and the majority of its territory comprises of parched unfriendly betray or infertile landforms.
The region of cutting edge Saudi Arabia once in the past comprised of four particular locales: Hejaz, Najd, and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir).The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was established in 1932 by Ibn Saud. He united the four districts into a solitary state through a progression of successes starting in 1902 with the catch of Riyadh, the familial home of his family, the House of Saud. The nation has subsequent to been an outright government, successfully an inherited autocracy administered along Islamic lines. The ultra-moderate Wahhabism religious development inside of Sunni Islam has been called "the overwhelming component of Saudi society", with its worldwide spreading to a great extent financed by the oil and gas trade.Saudi Arabia is now and again called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca), and Al-Masjid a Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. The Kingdom has an aggregate populace of 28.7 million, of which 20 million are Saudi nationals and 8 million are nonnatives.